Foods of the Bible

Have you ever wondered what types of foods were eaten by our ancestors or would you like to prepare a biblical meal or feast? Perhaps you'd just like to learn more about the different types of foods mentioned in the Bible. This "grocery list" includes spices, fruits, vegetables, grains, fish, fowl, meats and other foods and drinks of the Bible. Scripture references are provided for each of the Bible foods.

For more about Bible foods including traditional Bible feast recipes, check out A Biblical Feast.

Seasonings, Spices and Herbs

  • አንስሳላል - Anise (Matthew 23:23 KJV)
  • ድምብላል - Coriander (Exodus 16:31; Numbers 11:7)
  • ቀረፋ - Cinnamon (Exodus 30:23; Revelation 18:13)
  • አዝሙድ - Cumin (Isaiah 28:25; Matthew 23:23)
  • Dill (Matthew 23:23)
  • ነጭ ሽንኩርት - Garlic (Numbers 11:5)
  • Mint (Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42)
  • ሰናፍጭ - Mustard (Matthew 13:31)
  • ጤና አዳም - Rue (Luke 11:42)
  • ጨው - Salt (Ezra 6:9; Job 6:6)

Fruits and Nuts

  • እንኮይ - Apples (Song of Solomon 2:5)
  • ለውዝ - Almonds (Genesis 43:11; Numbers 17:8)
  • ቴምር - Dates (2 Samuel 6:19; 1 Chronicles 16:3)
  • በለስ - Figs (Nehemiah 13:15; Jeremiah 24:1-3)
  • ወይን - Grapes (Leviticus 19:10; Deuteronomy 23:24)
  • ዱባ - Melons (Numbers 11:5; Isaiah 1:8)
  • ወይራ - Olives (Isaiah 17:6; Micah 6:15)
  • ለውዝ - Pistachio Nuts (Genesis 43:11)
  • ሮማን - Pomegranates (Numbers 20:5; Deuteronomy 8:8)
  • ዘቢብ - Raisins (Numbers 6:3; 2 Samuel 6:19)
  • በለስ Fig - Sycamore Fruit (Psalm 78:47; Amos 7:14)

Vegetables and Legumes

  • ባቄላ - Beans (2 Samuel 17:28; Ezekiel 4:9)
  • Cucumbers (Numbers 11:5)
  • ቅል - Gourds (2 Kings 4:39)
  • Leeks (Numbers 11:5)
  • ምስር - Lentils (Genesis 25:34; 2 Samuel 17:28; Ezekiel 4:9)
  • ቀይ ሽንኩርት Red Onions - Onions (Numbers 11:5)

Grains

  • ስንዴ ገብስ - Wheat, Barley (Deuteronomy 8:8; Ezekiel 4:9)
  • እንጀራ - Bread (Genesis 25:34; 2 Samuel 6:19; 16:1; Mark 8:14)
  • እሸት - raw and new grain - Corn (Matthew 12:1; KJV - refers to "grain" such as wheat or barley)
  • ዱቄት - Flour (2 Samuel 17:28; 1 Kings 17:12)
  • ጤፍ Grain - Millet (Ezekiel 4:9)
  • አጃ - Oats - Spelt (Ezekiel 4:9)
  • ቂጣ - Unleavened Bread (Genesis 19:3; Exodus 12:20)
  • ስንዴ - Wheat (Ezra 6:9; Deuteronomy 8:8)

Fish

  • ዓሣ - Matthew 15:36
  • ዓሣ - John 21:11-13

Fowl

  • ቆቅ - type of woodpecker - Partridge (1 Samuel 26:20; Jeremiah 17:11)
  • ርግብ - Pigeon (Genesis 15:9; Leviticus 12:8)
  • ድርጭት - Quail (Psalm 105:40)
  • ርግብ Pigeon - Dove (Leviticus 12:8)

Animal Meats

  • ፍሪዳ - heifer - Calf (Proverbs 15:17; Luke 15:23)
  • ጠቦት - lamb - Goat (Genesis 27:9)
  • በግ - sheep/lamb - Lamb (2 Samuel 12:4)
  • በሬ - ox/bull - Oxen (1 Kings 19:21)
  • በግ - Sheep (Deuteronomy 14:4)
  • አደን - Venison (Genesis 27:7 KJV)

Dairy

  • ቅቤ - Butter (Proverbs 30:33)
  • እርጎ - Cheese (2 Samuel 17:29; Job 10:10)
  • Curds (Isaiah 7:15)
  • ወተት - Milk (Exodus 33:3; Job 10:10; Judges 5:25)

Miscellaneous

  • እንቁላል - Eggs (Job 6:6; Luke 11:12)
  • ወይን ጭማቂ - Grape Juice (Numbers 6:3)
  • ማር - Honey (Exodus 33:3; Deuteronomy 8:8; Judges 14:8-9)
  • አንበጣ - Locust (Mark 1:6)
  • ወይራ ዘይት - Olive Oil (Ezra 6:9; Deuteronomy 8:8)
  • ሆምጣጤ - Vinegar (Ruth 2:14; John 19:29)
  • የወይን ጠጅ - Wine (Ezra 6:9; John 2:1-10)

139 Biblical Plants List and Related Terms.

A
acacia
agriculture
algum
almond
almug
aloes
amber
anise
apple
ash
B
balm
Balm of Gilead
barley
bay tree
bdellium
beans
bolled
box-tree
bramble
branch
brier
bulrush
bush
C
calamus
camphire
cane
cassia
cedar
chaff
chestnut tree
cinnamon
cockle
coriander
corn
cucumbers
cummin
cypress
     
D
date
dredge
E
ebony
elm
Ephraim (wood of)
F
fallow-ground
field (cultivated land for crops)
fig
fir
first-fruits
fitches
flax
flowers
fodder
forest
fruit
     
G
galbanum
gardens
garlic
Gilead (Balm of)
goodly trees
gopher
gourd
graft
grain
grass
grove
H
Hareth
harvest
hay
hazel
heath
hemlock
herb
husk
hyssop
I
irrigation of plants/crops
     
J
jacinth
juniper
K
There are no “K” names.
L
leaf
leek
lentiles
lign-aloes
lily
     
M
mandrakes
meadow
melons
mildew
millet
mint
mulberry
mustard
myrrh
myrtle
N
naughty figs
nettle nuts
O
oak
oil-tree
olive
olive-tree
onion
     
P
palm tree
pine tree
plane tree
poison
pomegranate
poplar
Q
There are no “Q” names.
R
raisins
reed
rose
rosin
rue
rush
rye
     
S
saffron
shittah-tree
soap (made from plants)
spicery
spices
spikenard
stacte
straw
sycamine tree
sycamore
T
tares
teil tree
terebinth
thistle
thorn
threshing
thyine wood
tow
Tree of Life
Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
U
There are no “U” names.
     
V
Vine
Vine of Sodom
W
wheat
willows
wood
Wood of Ephraim
wormwood
X
There are no “X” names.
     
Y
There are no “Y” names.
Z
There are no “Z” names.
 
     

 

 

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